A Group of Governmental Experts (GGE) was also established to examine the feasibility, scope and draft parameters of a legally binding instrument. Report of the Open-ended Working Group to Negotiate an International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons, Annex “Draft International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons” (A/60/88, 27 June 2005) Comprehensive regulation of the international transfer of conventional weapons and prevention of their illicit international trade was further developed when a group of Nobel peace laureates, led by former President of Costa Rica Oscar Arias, launched the International Code of Conduct on Arms Transfers in 1997. With Western Europe as the second largest arms exporting region,4 by 1998, the European Union became the first group of States to accept a regional Code of Conduct on Arms Exports. Report of the Open-ended Working Group towards an Arms Trade Treaty: establishing common international standards for the import, export and transfer of conventional arms (A/AC.277/2009/1, 20 July 2009) It also spurred a number of national and regional initiatives, including the adoption of a Code of Conduct on Arms Exports by the European Union in June 1998; the Moratorium on Importation, Exportation and Manufacture of Small Arms and Light Weapons, agreed by the Economic Community of Western African States (ECOWAS) in October of the same year; the conclusion of the Inter-American Convention on Transparency in Conventional Weapons Acquisitions in June 1999; and the passing of the International Arms Sales Code of Conduct Act in the United States of America in November 1999. Each importing State Party shall take measures to ensure that appropriate and relevant information is provided, upon request, pursuant to its national laws, to the exporting State Party, to assist the exporting State Party in conducting its national export assessment under Article 7. Report of the Secretary-General, “Study on the relationship between disarmament and international security” (A/36/597, 19 November 1981) B. Doctrine ", Contact: Daryl G. Kimball, Executive Director, (202) 463-8270 x107. Each importing State Party may request information from the exporting State Party concerning any pending or actual export authorizations where the importing State Party is the country of final destination. For the current participation status of the Treaty, as well as information and relevant texts of related treaty actions, such as reservations, declarations, objections, denunciations and notifications, see: Moreover, the Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction was adopted in Ottawa, Canada, on 18 September 1997.Â. Each State Party may request, offer or receive assistance through, inter alia, the United Nations, international, regional, subregional or national organizations, non-governmental organizations, or on a bilateral basis. subscription to Arms Control Today. The Assembly further decided to remain seized of the matter during its sixty-seventh session and called upon the President of the Final Conference to report on the outcome of the Conference to the General Assembly at a meeting to be held as soon as possible after 28 March 2013. Pursuant to General Assembly resolution 64/48 of 2 December 2009 and decision 66/518 of 2 December 2011, the Preparatory Committee held four sessions between July 2010 and February 2012. Despite the P5’s commitment in 1991 to elaborate a set of “Guidelines for Conventional Arms Transfers” which included a set of arms transfer criteria, serious disagreements meant that the P5 process ended by 1992. President Trump effectively "unsigned" an international arms sales agreement Friday, moving to withdraw the U.S. from the United Nations' Arms Trade Treaty. Topics Covered: Important International institutions, agencies and fora, their structure, mandate. December 2009: The UN General Assembly adopts Resolution 64/48, establishing a treaty negotiating conference to be held in 2012 to draft the text of a legally binding arms trade treaty. What will also be critical for the success of the ATT is the implementation of article 11 to prevent the diversion of transferred arms covered under article 2, paragraph 1. It also adopted its rules of procedure (A/CONF.217/L.1) and its agenda (A/CONF.217/L.2) at that meeting. Article 6 addresses explicitly prohibitions against arms transfers that would be contrary to international legal obligations, or where the State knows the arms would be used in the commission of genocide, crimes against humanity and certain war crimes. Register for updates, breaking news and other arms control related information. Report of the Preparatory Committee for the United Nations Conference on the Arms Trade Treaty (A/CONF.217/1, 7 March 2012) Conference on disarmament of October 1991, “Guidelines for conventional arms transfers” (CD/1113, 26 November 1991) It opened on 3 July 2012 and, at its first meeting, elected Roberto Garcia MoritÃ¡n (Argentina) as its President. Also pursuant to the resolution, the Secretary-General established a Group of Governmental Experts to consider the issue. a nonpartisan, nonprofit membership organization, This Treaty shall apply to all conventional arms within the following categories: For the purposes of this Treaty, the activities of the international trade comprise export, import, transit, trans-shipment and brokering, hereafter referred to as “transfer”. The Disarmament Commission considered the issue at its substantive sessions in 1994 and 1995 (A/49/42 and A/50/42, respectively) and adopted, at its substantive session in 1996, the “Guidelines for international arms transfers in the context of General Assembly resolution 46/36 H of 6 December 1991” (A/51/42, annex I). Ambassador Peter Woolcott of Australia was nominated President-designate of the Final Conference. The Arms Trade Treaty, International Code of Conduct on Arms Transfers, Convention on the Prohibition of the Use, Stockpiling, Production and Transfer of Anti-Personnel Mines and on Their Destruction, General Assembly resolution S-10/2 of 30 June 1978, General Assembly resolution 39/160 of 17 December 1984, General Assembly resolution 40/155 of 16 December 1985, General Assembly resolution 43/75 (I) of 7 December 1988, General Assembly resolution 46/36 (H) of 6 December 1991, General Assembly resolution 46/36 (L) of 9 December 1991, General Assembly resolution 51/47 (B) of 10 December 1996, General Assembly resolution 54/54 (V) of 15 December 1999, General Assembly resolution 55/255 of 31 May 2001, General Assembly resolution 56/24 (V) of 24 December 2001, General Assembly resolution 58/241 of 23 December 2003, General Assembly resolution 59/86 of 3 December 2004, General Assembly decision 60/519 of 8 December 2005, General Assembly resolution 61/89 of 6 December 2006, General Assembly resolution 63/240 of 24 December 2008, General Assembly resolution 64/48 of 2 December 2009, General Assembly resolution 67/234 of 24 December 2012, General Assembly resolution 67/234 (B) of 2 April 2013. In the early to mid-1990s, to help counter the proliferation of conventional arms, several sets of guidelines or principles on arms transfers emerged among groups of countries, which included some of the largest arms exporters. Records shall be kept for a minimum of ten years. August 24-27, 2015: The first Conference of States-Parties for the ATT is held in Cancun, Mexico. Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, SIPRI Yearbook 2007, Armaments, Disarmaments and International Security, Towards an arms trade treaty?, appendix 10C, Oxford University Press, Oxford, 2007. If the export is not prohibited under Article 6, each exporting State Party, prior to authorization of the export of conventional arms covered under Article 2 (1) or of items covered under Article 3 or Article 4, under its jurisdiction and pursuant to its national control system, shall, in an objective and non-discriminatory manner, taking into account relevant factors, including information provided by the importing State in accordance with Article 8 (1), assess the potential that the conventional arms or items: would contribute to or undermine peace and security; commit or facilitate a serious violation of international humanitarian law; commit or facilitate a serious violation of international human rights law; commit or facilitate an act constituting an offence under international conventions or protocols relating to terrorism to which the exporting State is a Party; or. On 2 April 2013, Ambassador Woolcott’s final text of the ATT was adopted by General Assembly resolution 67/234B.14. It also does not impact a state’s domestic gun control laws or other firearm ownership policies. Moreover, the General Assembly, by resolution 58/241 of 23 December 2003, determined that it was feasible to develop an international instrument to enable States to identify and trace, in a timely and reliable manner, illicit small arms and light weapons, and decided to establish an open-ended working group to negotiate such an instrument. A compromise was reached which allowed the Conference to open on 3 July. While this was not ultimately achieved, the Final Conference showed what was possible when delegations engaged in a consensus-governed process and were determined to strive for a negotiated consensus outcome. Such measures may include end use or end user documentation. The Conference of States Parties shall adopt by consensus its rules of procedure at its first session. support for effective arms control policies. A Conference of States Parties shall be convened by the provisional Secretariat, established under Article 18, no later than one year following the entry into force of this Treaty and thereafter at such other times as may be decided by the Conference of States Parties. At that meeting, the Final Conference also adopted its rules of procedure (A/CONF.217/L.1), its agenda (A/CONF.217/2013/L.1), and approved its indicative programme of work, as proposed by the President (A/CONF.217/2013/INF/1/Rev.1). By 2006, international attention shifted back to concerns over conventional weapons as a whole. Report of the Secretary-General, “Study on conventional disarmament” (A/39/348, 31 August 1984) Recalling Article 26 of the Charter of the United Nations which seeks to promote the establishment and maintenance of internatio nal peace and security with the least diversion for armaments of the world ’s human and economic resources,. Guidelines for Conventional Arms Transfers, Letter dated 22 November 1991 from the leader of the delegation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland addressed to the President of the Conference on Disarmament transmitting the official text of the CommuniquÃ© issued following the meeting held in London on 17 and 18 October 1991 between representatives of the five States permanent members of the United Nations Security Council concerning arms transfers and non-proliferation (CD/1113, 26 November 1991), annex. December 24, 2014: The ATT enters into force, 90 days after the date of the 50th ratification. Each exporting State Party shall take measures to ensure that all authorizations for the export of conventional arms covered under Article 2 (1) or of items covered under Article 3 or Article 4 are detailed and issued prior to the export. States Parties are encouraged to facilitate international cooperation, including exchanging information on matters of mutual interest regarding the implementation and application of this Treaty pursuant to their respective security interests and national laws. At each ordinary session, it shall adopt a budget for the financial period until the next ordinary session.