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Rock elm Rock elm, Meise. Parvifolia elm is commonly known as Chinese or Lacebark elm medium-sized firewood. Rock elm wood has long been valued for its exceptional strength and superior quality. The most basic division of elm species is between hard and soft elm. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Identifying and Using Hundreds of Woods Worldwide, POSTER: Worldwide Woods: Ranked by Hardness. The author was David Thomas, an American engineer in charge of building the Erie Canal, who reported finding the tree in Cayuga County, New York. Glues, stains, and finishes well. Comments: Elm trees are commonly infected with Dutch elm disease, a fungal disease spread by elm bark beetles. American Elm is a neighborhood eatery and bar that offers elevated fare in a relaxed setting. It is the state tree of Massachusetts and North Dakota. Rock elm (Ulmus thomasii), often called cork elm because of the irregular thick corky wings on older branches, is a medium-sized to large tree that grows best on moist loamy soils in southern Ontario, lower Michigan, and Wisconsin (where a town was named for the elm). Back when British shipbuilders scoured the Colonies' vast forests, they discovered rock elm. If anyone is interested in a DED resistant pure American Elm with a Minnesota twist, I suggest the St. Croix Elm. It may also be found on dry uplands, especially rocky ridges and limestone bluffs. Like the American elm, it is tough to split, and it takes a long time in the season. Planing can cause tearout and/or fuzzy surfaces. American Elm. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, Slippery Elm, A Common Tree in North America, Scarlet Oak, A Top 100 Common Tree in North America, Water Oak, A Common Tree in North America, Black Willow, a Common Tree in North America, Shellbark Hickory, The Largest Hickory Leaves, Bur Oak, J. Grain/Texture: Grain is interlocked (making it very resistant to splitting). Rot Resistance: Rated as non-durable; susceptible to insect attack. Hardiness: Zone 3 Growth Rate: Moderate Mature Shape: Cylindrical crown with upright short branches. Would that likely be rock elm? Dutch Elm Disease The native range includes portions of New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, and extreme southern Quebec; west to Ontario, Michigan, northern Minnesota; south to southeastern South Dakota, northeastern Kansas, and northern Arkansas; and east to Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, and southwestern Pennsylvania. Rock Elm will have a change in color about at about the 1/3 from the outside point, and it will be very heavy, dense wood. Rock Elm Tree. Allergies/Toxicity: Although severe reactions are quite uncommon, Elm in the Ulmus genus has been reported as a sensitizer. Did you see this article on telling elms apart? But the rock, or cork elm as it is often called, had many. The Rock Elm. On good sites, rock elm may reach 30 m (100 ft) in height and 300 years of age. Living trees are susceptible to Dutch elm disease. Includes: Rock Elm (Ulmus thomasii), Winged Elm (Ulmus alata), Cedar Elm (Ulmus crassiflia and September Elm (Ulmus serotina) NORTH AMERICAN ELMS are divided into two groups, hard (the subject here) and soft (including American elm and slippery, or red, elm). One of the first major colonial protests (a demonstration against the Stamp Act of 1765) took place around the tree. 2019. The Rock Elm (Ulmas thomasii; also known as the Cork Elm) is a hardwood tree that is a native to Canada and the northeastern United States.The rock elm has the hardest and heaviest wood of all the elms, including the European versions. Many kinds of wildlife consume the abundant seed crops. With its majestic, vase-shaped form accentuated by long, drooping branches, American elm is one of New England's most beautiful trees and was once a ubiquitous and monumental street tree in most towns. He has performed with such luminaries as Roger McGuinn (The Byrds), Mercury Rev, Miracle Legion, John Sebastian, Asleep at the Wheel, Rhett Miller, Mark Mulcahy, The Turtles, Nathaniel Rateliff, Dry the River, J. Geils, and … Natural range of Ulmus thomasii Synonyms Ulmus racemosa Thomas Ulmus thomasii, the rock elm or cork elm, is a deciduous tree native primarily to the Midwestern United S… Paler sapwood is usually well defined. The neighborhood’s vibrant and eclectic mix of artists and professionals, imports and old school neighborhood residents gave rise to a unique version of the American Bistro that had been a staple in the New York City food scene since the mid 1980s. Once a common shade tree, the American elm has lost popularity due to its susceptibility to Dutch elm disease.   Latin name: Ulmus americana; Other common names: Water elm, swamp elm, Florida elm, soft elm, white elm, gray elm Siberian elm was brought in to replace dying American elm trees. So the virgin stands began to fall, their logs sent overseas. Quick facts. The extremely hard, tough wood is used in general construction and as a veneer base. With a somewhat coarse, uneven texture. Dutch elm disease (DED) affects American elms (Ulmus americana), red elms (U. rubra) and rock elms (U. thomasii) throughout Minnesota. The range of the iconic American elm, Ulmus americana, spans across the eastern United States, from Texas to Florida, Maine to North Dakota, and in parts of seven Canadian provinces.Before the arrival of the non-native Dutch elm disease, American elms provided benefits to wildlife and people alike. Other common names include red elm, gray elm, soft elm, moose elm, and Indian elm. It does not die from Dutch Elm disease, but has other issues that make it less desirable as a tree. The American elm has made a comeback over the years as horticulturists worked on developing varieties that could better withstand Dutch elm disease than the species. Twig: Slender, zigzag, reddish-brown, often (when rapidly growing) developing irregular corky ridges after a year or two; buds ovate, reddish-brown, similar to American elm, but more slender. The vision for American Elm was born of owner Bob Reiter’s time living in Williamsburg, Brooklyn. Of major concern is that this elm is susceptible to Dutch Elm Disease. DED is one of the most widely-known tree diseases, worldwide. D.E.D. Common Uses: Boxes, baskets, furniture, hockey sticks, veneer, wood pulp, and papermaking. For this reason, rock elm has been drastically over-cut in many localities. And under water, rock elm outlasted any other North American hardwood. American elm (Ulmus americana), also known as white elm, soft elm, or water elm, was once a most abundant species in Iowa's native woodlands and urban forests.Even though Dutch elm disease has killed most of the large elm in Iowa, American elm is still a component of woodlands in the state.. American Elm Flowers - Photos by Paul Wray, Iowa State University The U of M has done many DED tests on cloned St. Croix Elm seedlings and they all recovered from the disease. It is now becoming a very rare tree on the edges of its range and its future is not certain. Leaf: Alternate, simple, elliptical ovate, 2 1/2 to 4 inches in length, doubly serrated, base inequilateral, dark green and smooth above, paler and somewhat downy beneath. For optimal drying conditions, it will take at least a year to season. The tree is a hardwood and the lineal taxonomy is Magnoliopsida > Urticales > Ulmaceae > Ulmus thomasii Sarg. The bendability (MOE) is 1.4 million psi for American and 1.54 million psi for rock. has wiped out millions of Elm trees worldwide. It is brittle and will easily break in storms and it is often tormented by other issues that leave it looking less than perfectly healthy all year long. Its wood was nearly as tough as hickory, yet wouldn't split. has wiped out millions of Elm trees worldwide. Discover surprising insights and little-known facts about politics, literature, science, and the marvels of the natural world. Sustainability: This wood species is not listed in the CITES Appendices or on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is the largest known tree of its species in the country as reported to American Forests. Here are two pics… American Elm on the left, Slippery (Red) Elm on the right. Many American species of elm will actually become larger, with some growing to 39 meters (128 feet) in height and 37 meters (121 feet) in width. Bruce Carley, in his article on saving American elm trees from Dutch elm disease, paints a pretty picture of Main Street USA in the first half of the 20th century. It was a street typically lined with these majestic giants, which unfurled their weeping branches Rapunzel-like over the heads of passersby, affording shade on hot summer afternoons. I have four of them and they are thriving well. D.E.D. See the articles Wood Allergies and Toxicity and Wood Dust Safety for more information. The Rock elm tree is also commonly known as cork elm tree and is widely distributed across the Midwestern United States. American elm | Ulmus americana [species] a large elm with gradually spreading branches and pendulous branchlets that is common in eastern North America (17 of 39 words) www .merriam-webster .com /dictionary /american elm Color/Appearance: Heartwood is light to medium reddish brown. swiss & american cheeses, fancy sauce, Fulton Lonely Blonde caramelized onions, sourdough. American Elm American Elm, aka Chris Bousquet, is singer-songwriter from Connecticut. Steve Nix is a natural resources consultant and a former forest resources analyst for the state of Alabama. I have found specimens of some tree standing but dead, even free of bark, long dead, but completely free on rot, even when found on the ground. This champion Rock Elm of Missouri made its debut on the National Register of Champion Trees in 2019. Workability: Can be a challenge to work because of interlocked grain, especially on quartersawn surfaces. Come in for a casual happy hour hang, date night classic cocktails, snacks or a full service sit down meal with your family and friends. Researchers have been working to breed and select DED-resistant trees to replace diseased trees. The American elm tree is a large deciduous tree with an umbrella-like canopy. Copyright © 2008-2020 Eric Meier | All Rights Reserved, https://www.wood-database.com/wood-articles/elm-wood-hard-and-soft/. 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